PHP: Heredoc

Heredoc is an easy way to echo html and Javascript content without having to worry about “‘s or adding ?> <?php all over the place. A simple example is as follows:-


// Lots of PHP code goes here

$id=57;  // Store the passenger number

<span class="blah">Heading</span>
<select name="project" class="moreBlah" onchange="DoSomething($id);">
echo $string;

// Lots more PHP code goes here


$string will store everything until it gets to the ‘END;’. The ‘END;’ MUST be on a line on its own and must be the first thing on the line.
Also, worth noting that you can just add php variables in place without any additional formatting (see above, just stick a $id in the middle of a Heredoc and it’ll come out as the correct value)

JavaScript: Post content to a php page

So, you’re working in JavaScript and you need to pass content to a php page. On the JavaScript side, you do this: –

var formData=new FormData();
formData.append('myString', myString);

var url="./accessMyString.php";

xmlhttp=new XMLHttpRequest();"POST", url, true);

This will store the string (or anything else you need to pass) into ‘myString’ in the FormData and will trigger “./accessMyString.php” passing the data as a POST.

In “accessMyString.php”, you’ll read content from the POST using the usual: –

$myString = $_POST['myString'];




JavaScript: Access element in iframe ‘A’ from iframe ‘B’

So, I’ve got an iframe called “mainiframe” and I want to access an element in “subiframe”. As long as the “subiframe” has its name set to “subiframe”, all I have to do to find the element ‘test’ is: –

var el = parent.subiframe.document.getElementById("test");


Using AJAX to handle updates to a specific entry in a list

Bit clunky as I’m in a hurry, but this is really just to remind me how to set this up when I do it next time.

So, imagine you have a list of div’s. Each div contains a visual representation of a task or a database entry that you’re showing to a user. You want to dynamically update content within each div depending on the selection made in a pulldown: –


The ‘onchange’ of the pulldown (select element) calls OnChange in the code below and triggers and update for the given index. sel is the select element and idIn is the index in the list of “div’s” (the 0 or 1 in “id=’div_0′”, “id=’div_1′” etc)

// ==========================================================================
// Use ajax to populate a div based on selection in a select element
// ==========================================================================
function OnChange(sel, idIn)
    xmlhttp = newXMLHttpRequest();
    xmlhttp.onreadystatechange = SubFunction(idIn); // Use a sub-function to handle the parameter passing

    // Pass in the selected index so we know which 'div' to replace
    var selected = sel.options[sel.selectedIndex].value;"GET", "./populate.php?s=" + selected, true);

// ==========================================================================
// Handle the ajax callback
// ==========================================================================
function SubFunction(idIn)
    return function()
        if (this.readyState == 4 && this.status == 200)
            var el = document.getElementById("div_" + idIn);
            el.innerHTML = this.responseText;
<!-- populate.php would be something like... -->

// Build content based as required here. This will be inserted into the innerHTML of the appropriate div

$id = $_GET['s'];
echo "here's some content: ".$id;
…and the HTML is set up quite simply as: –
    <select onchange='OnChange(this, $id)'>
        <option value="0">Option 1</option>
        <option value="1">Option 2</option>
        <option value="2">Option 3</option>
echo $string;

The $id is the id of the current row in the div list (matches the div element id)